author = {M. Petermann and M. Stefer and D. W\"{u}bben and M. Schneider and K.-D. Kammeyer},
  year = {2010},
  month = {Sep},
  title = {Low-Complexity Calibration of Mutually Coupled Non-Reciprocal Multi-Antenna OFDM Transceivers},
  pages = {285 - 289},
  URL = {http://www.iswcs.org/iswcs2010/},
  address={York, Great Britain},
  abstract={In adaptive time division duplex (TDD) broadcast multi-antenna orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems, non-reciprocal transceiver chains at the base station (BS) cause multi-user interference. This is due to the inappropriate spatial filter design at the BS based on the reverse link estimate. Hence, BS transceiver calibration is required. Provided that an estimate of the forward link channel is available at the BS, e.g., in a calibration phase, the transceiver parameters can be estimated by solving a total least squares (TLS) problem. In addition, if mutual coupling between the antennas exists the number of unknown front-end parameters to be estimated increases. Consequently, large matrices need to be decomposed via singular value decomposition (SVD) to attain a calibrated system. To deal with these large matrices a conjugate gradient (CG) method for solving the TLS problem iteratively is proposed in this paper. Simulation results show that the calibration based on the CG method achieves almost the same performance compared to the TLS solution but with significantly reduced complexity.},
  booktitle={7th International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems (ISWCS 10)}